مطالعه تعیین‌کننده‌های جامعه‌شناختی سبک زندگی محیط زیستی دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2021.16828

چکیده

کنش‌های افراد در ارتباط با محیط زیست متأثر از عواملی است که در خلال اجتماعی شدن در فرد ایجاد و تقویت می‌شود. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر آن است که علل اثرگذار بر رفتارهای زیستی افراد در فرایند اجتماعی شدن، تجربیات و مهارت‌هایی که در این زمینه می‌یابند، مسئولیت‌هایی که می‌پذیرند و نقش دانش و آگاهی را که در روند آموزش کسب می‌کنند، بررسی نماید. این پژوهش در جریان سال تحصیلی 95-1394 در دانشگاه تبریز و به شیوه پیمایشی انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماری آن دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز هستند که 302 نفر از آنان به شیوه نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای انتخاب شده‌اند. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که، میانگین سبک زندگی محیط زیستی در دامنه 52 تا 133 برابر با 59/99 می‌باشد که نشان می‌دهد سبک زندگی محیط زیستی دانشجویان در حد زیادی قرار دارد. همچنین در میان ابعاد ششگانه سبک زندگی محیط زیستی، بعد استفاده از وسایل حمل و نقل عمومی، کمترین مقدار میانگین محاسبه شده راداشته است. نتایج آزمون فرضیات نیز نشان می‌دهد که رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری بین سیک زندگی محیط زیستی با متغیرهای سرمایه اجتماعی و ابعاد سه گانه آن شامل اعتماد اجتماعی، انسجام اجتماعی و مشارکت اجتماعی و همچنین متغیر سرمایه فرهنگی و ابعاد آن و نیز متغیر معرفت محیط زیستی به‌عنوان متغیرهای مستقل وجود دارد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیونی سبک زندگی محیط زیستی نشان می‌دهد که سه متغیر مشارکت اجتماعی، معرفت محیط زیستی و بعد عینی سرمایه فرهنگی در کل حدود 19 درصد تغییرات سبک زندگی محیط زیستی دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز را تبیین می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Sociological Study of Determinants of Environmental Lifestyle among University of Tabriz Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Soltani Bahram 1
  • Fattaneh Hajilou 2
1 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Environmental interactions are influenced by factors that are created and reinforced during a person's socialization. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the causes affecting people's biological behaviors in the process of socialization, the experiences and skills they find in this field, the responsibilities they accept and the role of knowledge and awareness they acquire in the learning process. This research was conducted during the academic year of 2015-2016 at Tabriz University of Tabriz by survey method. The statistical population is the students of Tabriz University that 302 of whom have been selected by stratified sampling. The research findings show that the average environmental lifestyle in the range of 52 to 133 is equal to 99.59%, which shows Students' environmental lifestyles are abundant. Also, among the six dimensions of environmental lifestyle, public transportation using, has the lowest average, in the scale of the present study, compared to the average of other dimensions studied environmental lifestyle. The results of the hypothesis test also show that the positive and significant relationship between environmental lifestyle and social capital and its three dimensions including social trust, social cohesion and social participation, as well as cultural capital and its dimensions and environmental knowledge. The results of environmental lifestyle regression analysis show that the three variables of social participation, environmental knowledge and objective dimension of cultural capital in general explain about 19% variance of environmental lifestyle at Tabriz University students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Lifestyle
  • social capital
  • Cultural capital
  • Environmental knowledge
  • students
  • University of Tabriz
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