Systematic Review and Qualitative Meta-Analysis of Research Studies in the Field of International Migration with Amartyasen Development-Oriented Approac

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student of Sociology, Al-Zahra University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Tehran, Iran



This study, using qualitative meta-analysis method, with the aim of reviewing, classifying and comparing the experimental results of migration studies, tries to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of these works and analyzes the situation of international migration in the country with the Amartyasen capability approach. Put. In order to perform meta-analysis of 50 scientific research articles published in prestigious journals, on the subject of international migration in the period 2004-2020 in order to analyze international migration, we also used the capability approach. According to the results of the studies, the most important factors for the outflow of human capital from the country can be found in the lack of freedom in four areas: economic, political, social and cultural. From the perspective of age, migration provides a strategy to free oneself from the lack of freedoms in the economic, political and social spheres in the society of origin and to seek real freedoms in the destination. While in the path of development, the preservation of human capital and free and sustainable agency acts as the engine of development, and this agency is not only a consolidating element of development, but also helps to strengthen other types of free agency and leads to accelerate this The trend will be. Increased actual migration and the desire to migrate will cause a serious disruption in the development process of the country.


Main Subjects

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