Cultural Factors and the Reproduction of National Identity in Adolescents (A Case Study of Behbahan High School Students)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Facaulty of Humanities,Yasouj University, yasouj, Iran

2 MA Student in Political Science, Department of Political Science, Facaulty of Humanities,Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran



Diverse cultural factors affect the national identity of adolescents. Recognizing these factors and planning for the optimal use of these factors provide the basis for preventing identity crisis in adolescents. Adolescents, at this age acquire the basis of generalized commitment and a sense of emotional belonging to their community, and in this time, identity begins to take shape in them. Consider national identity as one of the most important dimensions of the identity of the people of a society. In this study, we have sociologically investigated the effect of cultural factors on the reproduction of national identity in adolescents in Behbahan city. This research has been quantitatively done and there was a survey, conducted with 364 adolescents aged 13-16 years in Behbahan city using a questionnaire technique. Reproduction of national identity among adolescents studied based on multivariate regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient shows that there is a high positive and negative relationship between reproduction of national identity and cultural factors. Also, this relationship was felt more in boys than girls. The relationship between cultural factors and adolescents living in urban and rural areas also shows that adolescents living in urban areas more affected by these factors in the reproduction of national identity than adolescents living in rural areas are. Cultural factors have a strong relationship in the field of reproduction of national identity and it is viable to improve the status of national identity and especially its reproduction by strengthening cultural factors, especially in deprived and less developed areas.


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