The Reproductive Context of Fundamentalism and Development Riddle: A Qualitative Study of Afghan Immigrants in Kerman

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Master of Sociology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Kerman, Iran



Afghanistan's eastern neighbor Iran is witnessing four decades of war and various crises, which have led to the mass immigrant of Afghans to Iran. Considering the sensitive role of adolescents and youth in the development of society, the present study seeks to explore the context and life world of Afghan immigrants in order to understand the conditions for the reproduction of fundamentalism in the development system. In this research, the qualitative methodology of Grand Theory has been used for understanding of the subject. The study focuses on Kerman where 14 Afghan adolescentsand 16 young youths were selected as participants using purposive sampling and theoretical sampling. Semi-structured interviews were carried out to collect the data. Data coding was done in open, axial and selective coding .Also, in order to gain credibility, the evaluation technique by members, audit method and analytical comparison have been used. Deep attachment to ethnic traditions promotes patriarchal patterns and exacerbates deprivation in the immigrant community. Also, migration and confrontation with traditions were among the factors exacerbating the crisis among young people. According to the findings of this study, eight main categories have been formed, which are as follows: widespread deprivation - illiteracy - lack of awareness - isolated relationships -traditionalism in the modern age -the perception of pervasive corruption - multiple identity and ethnic divisions - gender discrimination. According to the results of this study, finally the core category of "the interaction of the challenges of traditionalism, deprivation, identity; the vicious cycle of development" was extracted.


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