A Comparative Study of the Model of Political Socialization in Secondary School Textbooks in Reform and Justice-Oriented Governments

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student Department of Political Sociology, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Political Sociology, Shoushtar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar, Iran



The purpose of the current research is to investigate the pattern of political socialization in secondary school textbooks in the era of reforms and justice-oriented governments. Based on the judgmental-purposive sampling method, the books representing the ideological discourse indicators were selected as the statistical population and analyzed by the qualitative content analysis method. The reliability of the components was obtained by the William Scott method with an agreement coefficient of 93.20. In this research, the model of political socialization with dimensions (republic, tolerance, political legitimacy, political identity, critical pedagogy, social justice, political values of the Islamic Revolution, economy, good governance, political attitude, political participation and political awareness) was examined in the macro discourse of the Islamic revolution and the discourse of these two governments. The results of the research, while introducing the political socialization patterns of the two governments and stating their similarities and differences and the extent of their compliance with the discourse of the Islamic Revolution, showed that the political socialization pattern of the justice-oriented state is more compatible with the socialization pattern than the same pattern during the reform government. Political and macro discourse of the Islamic revolution. However, although the movement of the two governments was within the framework and spirit of the Islamic Republic's discourse, in some ways they also had a partial view of the global environment. During the reform era, it was tried to somehow reflect the global changes in the textbooks of their era. The justice-oriented government is the basis of its movement with a high percentage according to the macro discourse of the Islamic Republic, and the subject of this government is a political subject that conforms to the discourse elements of the ideological traditionalist system.          


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