ارزیابی عوامل فردی مؤثر بر احتمال مهاجرت از استان خوزستان به دیگر مناطق کشور

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه آیت‌الله بروجردی (ره)، بروجرد، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد جمعیت‌شناسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2020.16736

چکیده

مهاجرت داخلی یک فرایند مهم در اکثر کشورهاست و عکس‌العمل مردم نسبت به عواملی نظیر نابرابری‌های اقتصادی منطقه‌ای، ناکامی اجتماعی و عدم رضایت در بسیاری از جنبه‌های زندگی را منعکس می‌کند. استان خوزستان ازنظر جابه‌جایی جمعیت در دوره 95-1375در مقایسه با سایر استان‌های کشور، با تغییرات عمده‌ای روبرو بوده بطوریکه بعد از استان تهران بیشترین درصد مهاجران خارج ‌شده را داشته است. مقاله پیشرو با هدف شناخت عوامل فردی مؤثر بر احتمال مهاجرت از استان خوزستان به سایر نقاط کشور انجام ‌شده است. روش تحقیق به‌کار رفته در این پژوهش، تحلیل ثانویه داده‌های خام دو درصد سرشماری سال 1395 می‌باشد. یافته‌ها نشان داد متغیرهای سن، جنس، وضعیت تأهل، وضعیت سواد و مدرک تحصیلی بر احتمال مهاجرت تأثیر می‌گذارند. زنان، افراد دارای همسر، افراد باسواد و افرادی که مدرک تحصیلی بالاتری داشته‌اند، بیشترین تعداد مهاجران را تشکیل می‌دهند. همچنین بیشتر مهاجران جوانان بودند. در بین مهاجرین خارج شده، اصفهان و تهران بیشترین دریافتی مهاجر را از خوزستان داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Individual Factors Affecting the Probability of Migration from Khuzestan Province to Other Parts of the Country

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadreza Hosseini 1
  • davoud shahpari sani 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, University of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Boroujerd, Iran
2 Master of Science in Demography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Internal migration is an important process in most countries and reflects people's reaction to factors such as regional economic inequality, social failure and dissatisfaction in many aspects of life. Khuzestan province has undergone major changes in terms of population displacement in the Period 1996-2016 compared to other provinces, with the highest percentage of expatriates after Tehran. This article aims to identify the individual factors affecting the probability of migration from Khuzestan province to other parts of the country. The research method used in this study is secondary analysis of raw data of two percent population census of Khuzestan province, 2016. Findings showed that age, sex, marital status, literacy status, and degree of education influence the probability of migration. Women, spouses, literates, and those with a higher educational background make up the largest number of immigrants. Most of them were young immigrants. Among the out migrations, Isfahan and Tehran had the highest number of immigrants from Khuzestan.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Migration
  • Individual factors
  • Secondary Analysis
  • Probability of Migration
  • Khuzestan Province
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