بررسی رابطة گرایش به جهانی‌شدن با سلامت روانشناختی (مورد مطالعه: دانشجویان دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جامعه شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 استاد گروه جامعه شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2020.16734

چکیده

چکیده: هدف این مقاله بررسی رابطه گرایش به جهانی‌شدن با سلامت روانشناختی است. نظریه جهانی‌شدن گیدنز و جامعه مخاطره‌آمیز اولریش بک، مبنای نظری این پژوهش می‌باشند. جامعه آماری در این پژوهش، تعداد 16409 دانشجوی در حال تحصیل دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز هستند که با روش طبقه‌ای متناسب با حجم (جنسیت، دانشکده و مقطع تحصیلی) و با توجه به جدول کرجسی و مورگان، تعداد 377 نفر انتخاب گردید و برای اطمینان بیشتر این تعداد به 400 نفر افزایش یافت. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، پرسشنامه استاندارد شده است. داده­های جمع‌آوری شده با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS تجزیه و تحلیل شدند و از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندمتغیره استفاده گردید. یافته‌های پژوهش، حاکی از آن است که بین گرایش به جهانی‌شدن اجتماعی و اقتصادی با سلامت روانشناختی دانشجویان، رابطه مستقیم و معنادار و بین گرایش به جهانی‌شدن سیاسی و فرهنگی با سلامت روانشناختی آنان، رابطه معکوس و معنادار وجود دارد و با توجه به معادله رگرسیونی، فقط دو متغیر گرایش به جهانی‌شدن اجتماعی و فرهنگی در مجموع 111/0 از واریانس سلامت روانشناختی را تبیین می‌کنند. در پی بررسی متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی با سلامت روانشناختی نیز دریافته شد که میان درآمد و پایگاه ذهنی اقتصادی ـ اجتماعی با سلامت روانشناختی یک رابطه مستقیم و معنادار وجود دارد. همچنین دریافته شد که میانگین سلامت روانشناختی در بین زنان و مردان و شاغلین و بیکاران تفاوت معناداری دارد؛ اما بین مجردین و متأهلین تفاوت معناداری را نشان نمی‌دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of tendency to globalization on mental health, (Case Study: Students of Shahid Chamran University)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Karim Rezadoust 1
  • Alihossein Hosseinzadeh 2
  • Hamidreza Nasrollahi Ghale Abde Shahi 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Master of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this article is survey tendency to globalization on mental health. Theoretical basis of this article is the Giddens structure theory and risky society Ulrich Beck.The population in this article are 16409 students studying in theShahid Chamran University that was selected 377 person with the method stratified sampling proportional with size (gender, college and education) and according to table Krejcie and Morgan and to ensure that number rose to 400. In order to collect data is standardized questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed using the software SPSS and was used from Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate regression. Research findings argues that seen the significant positive correlation between social and economic trend of globalization with students' mental health and there is a significant inverse relationship between political and cultural trend of globalization with students'mental health. According to the regression equation only two variables social and cultural trend of globalization explained 0.111 of mental health variance. In a survey of demographic variables with students' mental was found that there is a significant positive correlation among income and socio-economic base with mental health. Also found that there is a significant difference average mental health in between men and women and workers and the unemployed but does not show a significant difference between singles and married.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tendency to social globalization
  • Tendency to political globalization
  • Tendency to economic globalization
  • Tendency to cultural globalization
  • Mental Health
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