بررسی تأثیر سرمایه نمادین بر سبک زندگی کارگران (مطالعه موردی: کارگران اتوبوسرانی شهرداری تهران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

3 استاد گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی واجتماعی دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2020.27083.1777

چکیده

هدف ازپژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر سرمایه نمادین بر سبک زندگی کارگران می‌باشد. پژوهش به لحاظ زمانی از نوع مقطعی و از نوع پژوهش‌های پیمایشی می‌باشد. جامعهآماریاین تحقیق کلیه کارگران شاغل در اتوبوسرانی شهرداری تهران در سال1396، به تعداد 7350 نفر، که نمونه کوکران این جامعه 366 نفر می‌باشد. ابزار سنجش متغیرها پرسشنامه بوده‌است. جهت چارچوب نظری از نظریات سرمایه و سبک زندگی بوردیو استفاده شده ‌است. جهت تحلیل از آمارهای توصیفی، رگرسیون همزمان، آزمون t مستقل و آنوا ‌استفاده شده ‌است. یافته‌های این تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که تأثیر سرمایه نمادین بر سبک زندگی کارگران معنادار و شدت آن نسبتاً قوی می‌باشد. ابعاد سرمایه نمادین به جز سرمایه نمادین اجتماعی بر سبک زندگی کارگران اثر مثبت داشته ‌است متغیر سرمایه نمادین اقتصادی 65 و متغیر سرمایه نمادین فرهنگی 9 درصد از تغییرات متغیر سبک زندگی را تبیین می‌کند میانگین نمره سرمایه نمادین در بین زنان بیشتر از مردان است. تحلیل میانگین جهت سبک زندگی و جنسیت کارگران معنادار نمی‌باشد بعد سرمایه نمادین فرهنگی و اقتصادی کارگران با تحصیلات آنها تفاوت معناداری دارد ولی بعد سرمایه نمادین اجتماعی آنها تفاوت معناداری با سطوح مختلف تحصیلی ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Symbolic Capital on Workers' Lifestyle (Case Study of Tehran Municipality Bus Workers)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nima Zangeneh 1
  • Davood Razi 2
  • Akbar Aliverdinia 3
1 Master of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of symbolic capital on workers' lifestyles. The research is in terms of cross-sectional research and survey research. The statistical population of this study is all workers working in the bus service of Tehran Municipality in 1396, numbering 7350 people, of which the Cochrane sample of this community is 366 people. The tool for measuring variables was a questionnaire. Bourdieu's theories of capital and lifestyle have been used for the theoretical framework. Simultaneous regression, independent t-test and ANOVA were used to analyze descriptive statistics. The findings of this study show that the effect of symbolic capital on workers' lifestyle is significant and its intensity is relatively strong. Dimensions of symbolic capital except positive symbolic capital have a positive effect on workers' lifestyle. The symbolic variable of economic capital 65 and the variable of cultural symbolic capital explain 9% of the changes in the variable of lifestyle. The average score of symbolic capital is higher among women than men. The analysis of the average scores of workers' lifestyle and gender is not significant. The symbolic cultural and economic capital dimension of workers is significantly different from their education, but their symbolic social capital dimension is not significantly different from different levels of education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Symbolic Social Capital
  • Symbolic Cultural Capital
  • Symbolic Economic Capital
  • Lifestyle
  • Worker
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