"بررسی تأثیر فشار هنجاری بر میزان سازگاری بین جوانان شهر اهواز با والدینشان"با تاکید بر شکاف نسلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی د انشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2020.30321.1985

چکیده

یکی از عمده‌ترین مؤلفه‌های اثرگذار در تحولات اجتماعی و فرهنگی دوران معاصر وجود «شکاف نسلی» است. پدیده‌ای که خود در جریان تغییرات و دگرگونی‌های اجتماعی شکل گرفته است. در این راستا پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی فشار هنجاری بر میزانسازگاری جوانان با والدینشان با تأکید بر شکاف نسلی انجام شد. روش پژوهش پیمایشی و شیوه‏ی گردآوری داده‏ها پرسشنامه‏ بوده است. جامعه‏ آماری پژوهش را کلیه جوانان 18 تا 30 شهر اهواز تشکیل داده، که با استفاده از جدول لین تعداد 400 نفر به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. نمونه‏گیری‏ به شیوه‏ تصادفی طبقه‏ای چندمرحله‏ای، بوده است و برای تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها، از نرم‌افزار SPSS استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین متغیرهای میزان فشار هنجاری روی والدین،استفاده از رسانه‌های جمعی، سن و تحصیلات با سازگاری جوانان با والدینشان با تأکید بر شکاف نسلی رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. در حالیکه بین متغیرهای وضعیت اشتغال و جنسیت جوانان با متغیر وابسته رابطه معناداری وجود نداشت. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون گام‏بهگام نیز نشان داد که متغیر فشار هنجاری و استفاده جوانان از رسانه‌های جمعی به ترتیب تأثیرگذارترین عوامل بر میزان شکاف نسلی و ناسازگاری بین جوانان و والدینشانبود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Normative Pressure on the Level of Adjustment between Ahvaz Youth and Their Parents with an Emphasis on Generation Gap

نویسندگان [English]

  • Daryoush Rezapour 1
  • mohammad bagher koopai 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Faculty member of Social Sciences Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

A main factor affecting social and cultural developments in the contemporary era is “generation gap”, which is itself a result of social changes. This study was done to investigate the effect of normative pressure on the level of adjustment between youth and their parents with an emphasis on the generation gap. This is a survey research, using a questionnaire for collecting data. The statistical population includes all 18-30 years old Ahvazi youth, out of whom 400 people were selected as the sample size using Lin table. The sampling method was multi-stage random sampling. SPSS was used to analyze the data. The results showed there was a significant relationship among the level of normative pressure, using mass media, age and education with the adjustment of the youth with their parent with an emphasis on generation gap. However, there was no significant relationship between employment status and youth gender with the dependent variable. Step-wise regression analysis showed that the variable of normative pressure and the youth’ use of mass media were the most influential factors on the level of generation gap and inconsistency between youth and their parents, respectively

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Normative pressure
  • generation gap
  • adjustment
  • youth of Ahvaz city
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