Sociological Explanation of Resilience and Self-Control Effect on the Law-Aversion of Citizens (The Study: Ilam Province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student of social issues in Iran, Islamic Azad University of Dehaghan Branch, Dehaghan, Iranl

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Islamic Azad University of Dehaghan Branch, Dehaghan, Iran



This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-control and resiliency over the law-avasion between the citizens of Ilam. Law-aversion (soft) in both dimension subjective and objective studied. The method of this survey is survey, and the kind of correlation is the questionnaire. The statistical population consists of all citizens over 18 years of ilam province in 2016; and sampling type, multi - stage cluster and sample size were estimated based on the Morgan table. The findings and results of this study showned that self-control and resilience variables additive effect, positive and direct the on citizens of Ilam province is lawl-aversion. The results of the test structural equation modeling (Amos) shows the resiliency 0/23 Explanations of variances in the community, and self-control variable 0/30 the variance of the dependent variable (law-aversion) predicts in the community.. With regard to the findings, empowerment and entrepreneurial spirit and self-control are essential twisting.


Abbaspour, Z., Pour Sardar, F., Sangari, A. (2012). “The Effect of Resilience on Mental Health and Life Satisfaction, A Psychological Model of Well-Being”, Quarterly Journal, Volume 14, Number 1. (Persian).
Adger, N. (1997). “Sustainability and Social Resilience in Coastal Resource”, Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment University of East Anglia and University College London, pp:1-39.
Ahmadi, H. (1997). “Ethnicity and Ethnicity in Iranian Myth or Reality”, Political and Economic Information, No. 11, No. 16-15, Tehran. (Persian).
Alboukordi, S., M., Nikosir Jahromi, S., Hosseini and M. Nikroo (2013). “The Relationship between Resilience and Psychological Disorders in the Youth of Shiraz Central Prison”, Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 17, 50-43.  (Persian).
Ali Babaei, Y., Firouzjaeian, A. (2009). “Sociological Analysis of Factors Affecting Law-Aversion”, Journal of Forensic Science, Winter. (Persian).
Aliverdi Nia, A. and Younessi, E. (2014). “The Effect of Self-Control on Student Crime”, Cultural Strategy, Issue 26, Summer. (Persian).
Alias, M., Akasah, Z. A., & Kesot, M. J. (2012). “Self-efficacy, Locus of Control and Attitude among Engineering Students: Appreciating the Role of Affects in Learning Efforts”, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 56, 183-190.
Arazzini Stewart, M., & De George-Walker, L. (2014). “Self-handicapping, perfectionism, locus of control and self-efficacy: A path model”, Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 160-164.
Ashayeri, Taha & et al. (2015). “Investigating the Social-Cultural Factors Affecting Citizenship Law-Avesion in Ardabil Province”, Journal of Police Knowledge Research, Seventeenth Year, Winter. (Persian).
Beasley, M., Thompson, T. & Davidson, J. (2003). “Resiliencein response to life stress: The effects of coping style andcognitive hardiness”, Personality & Individual Differences, 34, 77-95.
Bruneau, M. & et. al. (2003). “A Framework to Quantita-tively Assess and Enhance the Seismic Resilience of Communities”, Earthquake Spectra, 19 (4), 733-752.
Chambers JC, Eccleston L, Day A, Ward T, Howells K. (2008). “Treatment readiness in violent offenders: The influence of cognitive factors on engagement in violence programs. AggressViolent Behav; 13:276–284.
Chen, J., & Wang, L. (2007). “Locus of control and the three components of commitment to change”, Personality and individual differences, 42(3), 503-512.
Connor, K. M. & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson, Resilience scale (CD-RISC).Depresion and anvety, 18.
Firoozjaeian, A. & Tavakoli, J. (2016). “Sociological Analysis of Driving Law with Emphasis on Social Control Theory”, Strategic Research in Security and Social Order, Volume 5, Issue 31, Second Issue, Summer. (Persian).
Godschalk, D. (2003). “Urban Hazard Mitigation: Creating Resilient Cities”, Natural Hazards Review, 4,(3),136-143.
Hafeznia & et. al. (2014). “Government Policy and Inter-Ethnic Occasions”, Journal of Space Planning and Preparation, The Hafed Period, No. 2, pp. 22-1 (Persian).
Handerson N., B. (2004). Resiliency: What we have learned. San Francisco: West Ed; 32.
Hirschi, T. (1969). “Causes of delinquency, Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of Psychological Factors of Law-abiding Behavior”, Journal of Hubei California Press.
Inzlicht, M., Aronson, J., Good, C., & McKay, L. (2006). “A particular resiliency to threatening environments”, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 323-336.
Kaushal, Ritu and T. Kwantes, Catherine (2006). “The role of culture and personality in choice of conflict management strategy”, Internatinal Journal Relations, 30. Pp. 579-603.
Khatami, I. (1998). Strategies for the Institutionalization of Law in Public Culture. Proceedings of the Conference on Law and Legalism and its Impact on Public Culture, Urmia: Department of Islamic Culture and Guidance. (Persian).
Kimhi, S.; Shamai, M. (2004). “Community Resilience and the Impact of Stress, Adult Response to Israel’s Withdrawal from Lebanon”, Journal of Community psychology 32(4), 439-451.30: 526-527.1974.
Kritanter, R., Keniki, A. (2005). "Organizational Behavior", Translated by Ali Akbar Farhangi and Hossein Safarzadeh, Tehran, Dynamic Message.
Masavati, M. (1995). Sociology of Deviations, Tehran: Nobel Press. (Persian).
Nawabakhsh, M. & Nazari, J. & Eder, N. (2009). “Sociological Explanation of Factors Affecting Social Cohesion among Villagers) A Case Study: Ilam Province”, Islamic Azad University Shoushtar Branch, Third, No. 7, pp. 1–20. (Persian).
Nodehi, H. & et. al. (2014). "The Relationship between Self-Control and Source of Control with Organizational Commitment", Leadership and Management Research, Vol. 1, fall: 1. (Persian).
Pratt, T. C. (2016). “A Self-Control/Life-Course Theory of Criminal Behavior”, European Journal of Criminology, 13(1):129-146. 
Rabbani, W.; Rasool, F. (2002). Urban Sociology, Isfahan; Tehran: Organization for the Study and Development of Humanities Textbooks, Position, First Edition. (Persian).
Reitzer, G. (2014). Sociological Theories, Translated by Houshang Naibi, Tehran, Ney Publishing.
Sadeghi Fassaei, S. & Aminian, E. (2014). “Sociological Analysis of Social Order with Regard to Types of Normality and its Social Factors, Social Studies and Research in Iran, Vol. 3, No. 6, summer. (Persian).
Saffari Nia, M., Baziari Meimand, M. (2012). “Comparison of Emotional and Social Resilience in Students with Deprived and Non-Deprived Areas”, Volume 8, Number 1, Spring, pp. 107-124. (Persian). 
Salimi, A. and Davari, M. (2007). “A Collection of Deviant Studies and Social Control; A Deviant Sociology, Second Edition”, Area and University Research: 534-535. (Persian).
Snyder, T. (1974). Self-monitoring of expressive behavior, J, personal. Soc. Psycho.
Swendeman, D., Ramanathan, N., Comulada, W. S., Rotheram-Borus, M. J., &Estrin, D. (2014). Efficacy of daily sale-monitoring of helth behaviors andquality of life by mobily phone: mixed-metods resolts from towe studies with diver’s population .In annals of behavioral medicine vol .47, pps 263-s263).
Tyler, Tom. R. (2006). Why People Obey The Law, Princeton University Press.
Vera, P. Eliseo & M. B. (2013). “An Empirical Test of Low Self-control Theory among Hispanic Youths”, Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. Vol. 11, 179-193.
Weissi, M., Atef, V., M. K., Rezaei, M. (2000). “The Impact of Job Stress on Happiness and Mental Health: The Moderating Effect of Hardiness and Social Support”, Journal of Thought and Behavior, 6 (2): 78-70. (Persian).
Werner, E. (1997). Vulnerable but invincible: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Acta Paediatrica Supplement, 422, 103-105.
Yaghoubi, S. (2002). Investigating the phenomenon of Legalism and law-avesion among the citizens-Tabriz, Tabriz: Student Thought Measurement Center. (Persian).