عوامل مؤثر بر امنیت شغلی کارکنان سازمان‌ها (فراتحلیلی از تحقیقات موجود)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی (توسعه‌ی اقتصادی) دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2020.15399

چکیده

امنیت شغلی یکی از مسائل مورد توجه سازمان‌ها به‌خصوص در چند دهه‌ی اخیر می‌باشد. پیچیده‌تر شدن و گسترش روزافزون فرایند تقسیم کار و نیاز به تخصص‌های جزئی در زمینه‌های مختلف مستلزم استفاده از کارشناسان و تکنسین‌های مختلف می‌باشد در این میان امنیت شغلی یکی از دغدغه‌های اصلی کارکنان سازمان‌هاست. فراتحلیل حاضر با هدف بررسی مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر امنیت شغلی در ایران انجام گرفته است. در روش فراتحلیل جامعه‌ی آماری شامل کلیه‌ی مقالات علمی ـ پژوهشی و کنفرانسی است که از سایت‌های معتبر مانند نورمگز، مگ‌ایران، پرتال جامع علوم انسانی و پایگاه اطلاعات علمی جهاد دانشگاهی و کنفرانس‌های معتبر داخلی و بین‌المللی طی سال‌های 1380 تا 1396 با موضوع امنیت شغلی جمع‌آوری شده‌اند در نهایت 19 پژوهش انتخاب و با نرم‌افزار فراتحلیل CMA2 مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان دادند که در مجموع رابطه‌ی 28 متغیر، سه متغیر بیشترین تأثیر را بر امنیت شغلی کارکنان داشته‌اند. نتایج فراتحلیل نشان داد که اندازه‌ی اثر توانمندسازی کارکنان و امنیت شغلی با 57/0 و اندازه‌ی اثر رضایت شغلی و امنیت شغلی با 52/0 در حد بالا قرار دارند؛ همچنین رابطه‌ی تعهد سازمانی و امنیت شغلی در مطالعات مرور شده معادل 43/0 و در حد متوسط ارزیابی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Occupational Safety Employee Organizations (Meta-Analysis of Available Research)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Hajizadeh Maymandi 1
  • Leili Bonyad 2
1 Assistant Professor of Department of Social Sciences of Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
2 Ph.D Student oF Sociology University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Occupational safety is one of the issues that have been considered by organizations, especially in recent decades. The complexity and increasing expansion of the division of labor process and the need for minor specialties in different fields require the use of various experts and technicians. In this regard, job security is one of the main concerns of the staff of the organizations. The present study aims to investigate the most important factors Effective job security in Iran has been carried out. In the method of meta-analysis, the statistical community includes all scientific-research papers that have come from reputable sites such as Noormgs, Magiran, the Comprehensive Human Sciences Portal and the Academic Database of Academic Jihad, and national and international conferences. The years of 2001 to 2017 were collected with the theme of job security finally, 19 studies were selected and analyzed CMA2 meta-analysis software. The findings of the study showed that the total of 28 variables of the three variables had the greatest impact on the job security of the employees. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the effect of employee empowerment and occupational safety with 0.57 and the magnitude of the effect of job satisfaction and job security were 0.52. Also, the relationship between organizational commitment and job security in the reviewed studies was 0.43 and moderately.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Job Security
  • Employee Empowerment
  • Job Satisfaction
  • organizational commitment
  • Meta-Analysis
Asadi, M. R. Abbasikargean, D. Asgari, K. Sokhansanj, N (2014). “Investigating the Impact of Personal and Environmental Factors on Job Satisfaction of Tehran Municipality District 18 Employees”, Journal of Urban Economics and Management, 3(9), 13-1. (Persian).
Arabi, S. M., Kamani, S. M. Husseini (2000). “The Relationship between Sense of Job Security and Individual Factors of Employees”, Journal of Management and Development Process, 14(2,3).87-94. (Persian).
-Amzadeh Mehdrij, H and Razavi Haji Agha, Q (2010). "Herzberg's Two Factor Theory: Valid or Invalid." Journal Tadbir,( 218), 29-29. (Persian).
Asgari, N. Barani, P. Maleki, M. and Arasteh, M. (2016) “Background, Structural and Behavioral Antecedents of Psychological Empowerment”, Journal Military Management, 17(4), 51-32. (Persian).
Borenstein, M.; Hedges, L. V.; Higgins, J. P. T. & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to meta-analysis, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley
Beugré, Constant D. (1998). Managing Fairness in Organizations, Greenwood Publishing Group.
Borenstein, M.; Hedges, L. V.; Higgins, J. P. T. & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to meta-analysis, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Badrimanesh, A. Sadeghi F. (2014). “A Study of Sociological Factors of Women's Satisfaction with Housing (Case Study: Tehran)”, Journal of Women and Society (Women's Sociology), 5(1) (17 consecutive), 19-1. (Persian).
Greasley, Kay, King, Nicola, Bryman, Alan, Dainty, Andrew., Price, Andrew & Soetanto, Robby (2005). “Employee perceptions of empowerment”, Employee Relations 27(4)354-368.
Cherose, R., Beh, L., & Uli, J., and Idris K. (2006). “An Analysis of Quality of Work Life (QWL) and Career-Related Variables”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol 12. Pp.1251-2159.
Cole, N. D., & Flint, D. H. (2004). “Perceptions of distributive and procedural justice in employee benefits: flexible versus traditional benefit plans”, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 19(1), 19-40.
Cooper, H. M. (2009). Research synthesis and meta-analysis: A stepby-step approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Cho, Y. J., & Lewis, G. B. (2012). “Turnover Intention and Turnover Behavior: Implications for Retaining Federal Employees”, Review of Public Personnel Administration, 32(4).
Dabiri Nia, C. Razavi Dinani, A. and Afshani, A.S. (2016). “Investigating the Factors Affecting the Job Security of Journalists in Hormozgan Province”, Journal of Hormozgan Cultural Journal, No. 11, 86-68. (Persian).
Dirlam, J. Zheng, H. (2017). “Job satisfaction developmental trajectories and health: A life course perspective”, Journal Social Science & Medicine 178, 95-103.
Decoster, J. (2004). Meta-Analysis Notes, September 19, 2004, ownloaded this file>from http://www.stat-help.com/notes.html.
Davy, J. A., Kinicki, A.J., Scheck, C. L. (1997). “A test of job securities direct and mediated effects on withdrawal cognitions”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 323-349.
Earth, Q. Hosseini Nassab, D. Zamini, Q. Zarei, P. (2010). “Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Culture with Job Satisfaction and Job Burnout among Tabriz University Personnel”, Occupational Health Quarterly in Iran, 8(1), 40-30. (Persian).
Emami, M. (2008). “Organizational Commitment and its Factors”, Strategic Quarterly, pp. 127-144.
Astoner, J. A.  Edward F. I, R. Daniel R. Gilbert (2000). Management: An Introduction to Management, Management in the 21st Century, Planning, Ali Parsaian and Seyed Mohammad Arabi. Tehran: Office of Cultural Research. (Persian).
Edwards, Jennifer L., Green, Kathy E., Lyons, Cherie A. (2002). “Personal Empowerment, Efficacy, and -Environmental Characteristics”, Journal of Educational Administration, 40(1), 67-86.
Hosseinzadeh, H. (2018). “The Impact of Economic Growth on Income Distribution in Middle Eastern and North African Countries in the Approach to Spatial Relevance”, Journal of Economic Research and Policies, 25 (2), 260-233. (Persian).
Hussein, S. Y., Chili Seril, N. (2013). “The Influence of Organizational Intelligence on Learning in the Organization, Quarterly Journal of Improvement Management Studies”, Twenty-third volume 71, pp. 159-131. (Persian)
Hosseini, S.M. Mehdizadeh Ashrafi, A. (2009). “Identifying Factors Affecting Organizational Commitment”, Journal of Management, 7(18), 16-9. (Persian).
Hasni, M. and Zakai, M.S. (2016). “Virtual Networks and Youth Lifestyle: A Meta-Analysis of Past Research”, Journal of Cultural Strategy Studies, 22(6), 13-1. (Persian).
Hyderabad, A.R. Vadiea, S. Torkaman, F. (2016). “Investigating the Relationship between Social Economy Base, Lifestyle and Occupational Security of Tehran Police Officers”, Journal of Social Security Studies, 7( 46), 241-206. (Persian).
Haidich A. B. (2010). “Meta-analysis in medical research”, Hippokratia Quartery Medical of Journal, 14 (Suppl 1): 29-37.
Hoffman Julien, I. E. (2015). “Biostatistics for Medical and Biomedical Practitioners”, Chapter 36-Meta-analysis:645-653.
Jalouh, A. & Mahdad, A. S. (2015). “Predicting Job Security Perception and Organizational Confidence through Ethical Leadership and Adherence to Psychological Contract”, Journal of Ethics in Science and Technology, 10(4), 44-37. (Persian).
Khayatiyan, J. Heidari, Z. (2015). The Impact of Job Security on Employee Performance in Organizations, First National Conference on Humanities and Islamic Sciences. (Persian).
Lin, L. (2017). Statistical methods for meta-analysis, Thesis or Dissertation, For Degree of Doctor oF Philosophy, The University of Minnesota.
Mossadegh Rad, A. M. Sokhanvar, M. (2018). “Organizational Culture of Selected Hospitals of Tehran”, Journal of Hospital, 16 (2), 56-45. (Persian).
Mehrabi, J. Golnari, M. (2015). “Investigating the Relationship between Occupational Safety and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Permanent and Temporary Staff in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences”, Journal of Management Development, (21). 60-49. (Persian).
Mcneal, G. (2009). “Organizational Culture”, Profissional Ethics and Guantanamo unit state 42 (125): 125-147.
Nahavi, M. Nahavi, T. Nahavi, M. (2012). “Investigating the Occupational Security and Organizational Commitment of Employees of Payam-e-Noor University of Isfahan”, Fifth Conference on Modern Research in Science and Technology, Spring 2016. (Persian).
Nazari, F. Sori, A. Abdi, H. (2015). “Predicting Organizational Commitment of Physical Education Teachers in Kermanshah Province through Occupational Safety and its Components”, Quarterly Journal of Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 11(21), 175-184. (Persian).
Nodehi, H. Rashidi, A. Kalili, A. Mehravar Gigloo (2015). “The Relationship between Self-Control and Source of Control with Organizational Commitment in Sabzevar Education Staff", Journal of Educational Leadership and Management Research, First Quarterly, 1 (1), 49-66. (Persian).
Niyazi, M. Afra, H. Nejadi, A. Sakhaeii, A. (2018). “Meta-analysis of Factors Affecting Violence against Women”, Women's Research Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies Institute, 8(4), 83-104. (Persian).
Nouri, M. (2012). Sociology of Organizations. Tehran, Ney Publishing. (Persian).
Nell, D.; Panagopoulou, E.; Galanis, N.; Montgomery, A.; Benos, A. (2015). “Consequences of Job Insecurity on the Psychological and Physical Health of Greek Civil Servants”, Journal BioMed Research International, 2015, 1-9.
Qaderi, S. Siadat, S. A. ShamsMorkani, G. H. (2013). “The Relationship between Organizational Justice Perception and Emotional and Subjective Involvement among High School Teachers in Isfahan”, Journal of Modern Educational Approaches, 17 (1), 72-49. (Persian).
Piriyaye, S. Arshadi, N. (2012). “The Effect of Job Security and Organizational Justice on Job Intent: The Mediating Role of Trust in Senior Management”, Journal of Job and Organizational Counseling, 4(11), 94-78. (Persian).
Piri, P.; Piri, M. (2015). “The Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Happiness and Functionality among Staff (Case Study of High School Teachers)”, Journal of New Research in Humanities, 1(6), 93-99.
Quinn, R. E. & Spreitzer, G. M. (1997). “The road to empowerment: Seven questions every leader should consider”, Organizational Dynamics, Autumn: 37-49.
Rastemoghaddam, A. Rahimian, H. Abbaspour, A. S. (2013). “Identifying the Challenges of Organizational Culture and Proposing Its Changing Strategies: State Organizations in Tehran”, Journal of Organizational Culture Management, 11(4), 111-135. (Persian).
Robins, A. (2005). Organizational Behavior Management, Translated by Ali Parsaian Luo and Mohammad Arabi, Vol. 2, Tehran, Institute for Business Studies and Research. (Persian).
Shoss, M. K. (2017). “Job insecurity: An integrative review and agenda for future research”, Journal of Management, 43, 1911-1939.
Sidi, A. Izadi, S. (2013). “Organizational Culture and its Impact on the Performance of Citizenship Behavior”, Social, Economic, Scientific and Cultural Journal of Work and Society, No. 159, 16-11. (Persian).
Vahidizadeh, A. Barzgar, M. Ahmadi, E. (2018). “The Role of Occupational Security Mediation in the Relationship between Organizational Identity and Empowerment of Education Staff in Marvdasht”, New Approach in Educational Management, 8(30), 85-104. (Persian).
World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2018, International Labour Office Geneva.