Investigating the Factors Affecting the Consensus of the Lak and Lor Peoples (Case Study: Men in Khorramabad City)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 msc of Sociology, Yazd University

2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Yazd University


The desire and secure progress and the future of each community is an internal consensus and an agreement based on shared belief, based on the ubiquitous justice, legitimacy and the culture of citizenship. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the social consensus among the Lak and Lor peoples among the men of Khorramabad city. The survey method was a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population consists of 20-50 year old men in Khorramabad city, which was selected by the Cochran formula of 383 individuals (Lak and Lor). The research sample was estimated using a multi-stage cluster sampling method proportional to the volume. The reliability level of social cohesion variance was estimated by 0.9 through Cronbach's alpha and analyzed using SPSS software. Research findings indicate that there was a significant relationship between social consensus and age, ethnicity, marital status, citizenship culture, legalization and relative deprivation. The results of multivariate analysis show that variables of citizenship culture, legalization, relative privacy, and ethnicity were able to explain 0.37% of the variables of social cohesion.


Abdollahi, M.; Ghaderzadeh, O. (2004). Ethnic Distance and Its Affecting Factors in Iran, Social Sciences Quarterly, Computer Science Research Center of Islamic Sciences. (Persian).
Acket, S. Borsenberger, Dickes, M. P. & Sarracino, F. (2011). Measuring and Validating Social Cohesion: A Bottum-Up Approach. Fonds National de la Recherche, CEPS/Instead Working Paper, 08.
Afshani, S. A.; Navai, S., Delabazi Asl, M. (2015). “Investigating the Struggle Between Citizens Residing in Yazd”, Strategic Research in Security and Social Order, Volume 4, Number 9, Issue 1. (Persian).
Ali Hosseini, A.; Mehdian, A.; Rabieinia, B. (2015). “Investigating the Effect of Military Training at Army 01 Center on Social Cohesion Indicators”, Strategic Research in Security and Social Order Quarterly, Volume 10, Issue 10, Number 2. (Persian).
Amoi, H.; Saei, A. (2013). “The Impact of Social Capital Development on Promoting Social and National Cohesion”, Ninth Quarterly Journal of Political Science, No. 24. (Persian).
Azad Armaki, T. (2006). “Social Adaptation from Multiple Perspectives”, Journal of Public Culture, No. 25. (Persian).
Branas-Garaz, P. & et. al. (2010). “Altruism and Social Integration”, Games and Economic Behavior, G 9, 249-257.
Chalabi, M. (2000). “Social Consensus Roundtable 2”, National Studies Quarterly, Nos. 2 and 3. (Persian).
Chalabi, M. (2006). Social Analysis in the Space of Action, Tehran: Ney. (Persian).
Delphi, M.; Areas, A. (2015). “Investigating Social Factors Affecting Social Consensus (Case Study of Bushehr Urban Households)”, Journal of Sociological Studies of Youth, No. 17. (Persian).
Durkheim, E. (2008). The Rules of the Sociological Method, Translated by Ali Mohammad Kardan, University of Tehran Publications. (Persian).
Farahmand, M., Saeedi Madani, S. M.; Sahandi Khalifa Kennedy, M. (2015). “A Comparative Study of Social Cohesion between Two Azeri and Kurdish Ethnicities (Case Study: Sanandaj and Tabriz Cities)”, Iranian Journal of Social Issues, Volume 6, Number 1. (Persian).
Fathi, S., Sabeti, M. (2012). “Development of Urban Organizational Structure and Development of Citizenship Culture”, Urban Studies Quarterly, Volume 2, Number 2. (Persian).
Firouzjaei, A. A. (2010). “Legislation (An Analysis from the Perspective Theory)”, Social Welfare Research Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 42. (Persian).
Ganji, M.; Niazi, M.; Askari Desert, A. (2014). “An Analysis of Citizenship Culture with Emphasis on Citizenship Education”, Quarterly Journal of Sociological Studies of Cities, Vol. 12, No. 12. (Persian).
Ghadimi, M. (2007). “Investigation of Social Confidence and Factors Affecting it among Students of Zanjan Universities”, Journal of Humanities: 53. (Persian).
Ghanbari, N.; Heydar Khani, A., Rostami, M. (2016). “Investigating the Relationship between National Identity and Religious Identity with Adherence to Citizenship Culture in Kermanshah”, Journal of Urban Sociological Studies, Volume 6, No. 19. (Persian).
Ghasemi, R. (2013). “How Social Consensus Is Made in Bushehr”, National Studies Quarterly, 56, 14, No. 4. (Persian).
Gholizadeh, A.; Sayyadi, P. (2012). “Factors Affecting People's Adaptation and Adaptation to Behavioral Patterns in Bandar Abbas”, Social Science Quarterly Journal of Islamic Azad University- Shoushtar Branch 6, No. 19. (Persian).
Gholizadeh, S. E. (2011). “The Relationship of Ethnic Identity with Relative Deprivation in the Baluchi Population of Zahedan”, Land Knowledge Research, Second Year, No. 5. (Persian).
Giddens, A. (1998). Implications of Modernity, translated by Mohsen Salei, Tehran: Center Publication. (Persian).
Hajizadeh M.; M. Eskandari Fard, A. M. (2013). “Study of social consensus and some of its effective factors (Case study: Yazd city)”, Journal of Urban Sociological Studies, Ninth Year, No. 9. (Persian).
Hajizadeh Maimandi, M.; Eskandari Fard, A. M. (2013). “The Relationship between Trust and Social Adaptation (Case Study: Yazd City)”, Iranian Social Issues Quarterly, No. 2. (Persian).
Halali, F., Khayati, F. (2012). “A Model for Measuring the Level of Lawfulness of Tehran University Students (Emphasizing on the Parsons Nut Model)”, Law and Order Security, Fifth Year No.1 (17). (Persian).
Hashemianfar Sayed Ali and Shahrzad Ajami (2012). “A Survey of Citizenship Culture in Isfahan's Marginal Tissue Residents”, Urban Studies Quarterly, Second Year, No. 3. (Persian).
Hashemianfar, S. A.; Ganji, M. (2009). “An Analysis of Citizenship Culture in Isfahan”, Journal of Applied Sociology, No. 33. (Persian).
Heidari, A.: Rezadoost, K.; Forutankia, Sh. (2012). “Theory of Institutional Disruption and Legalism (Case Study: Students of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz)”, Iranian Quarterly Journal of Social Issues, No. 2. (Persian).
Hemmati, R. Ahmadi, V. (2014). “A Sociological Analysis of the Status of Citizenship Culture and Its Explaining Factors (Case Study: Ivan City)”, Welfare and Social Development Planning Quarterly, No. 18. (Persian).
Hosseini, S. J.; Ganji, Gh., Amir Ahmadi, R. (2012). “Social Cohesion and Ethnic Minorities in Iran with Emphasis on Political Dimensions”, Quarterly Journal of Political Studies, No. 15. (Persian).
Imam Jamza Zadeh, S. J.; M. R.; Isa Nejad, O.; Marandi, Z. (2012). Investigating the Relationship between Feeling Relative Deprivation and Political Participation among Students of Isfahan University, Two Political Science Quarterly, Eighth Year, year, number one, consecutive (15). (Persian).
Jahanbin, D. (1999). Culture, Social Adaptation and Violence, Strategic Studies Quarterly, Nos. 5 and 6. (Persian).
Kalantari, S.; Rabbani, R., Sadaqat, K. (2005). “The Relationship between Poverty and Law-Making and the Formation of Social Injury”, Social Welfare Research Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 18. (Persian).
Khoshfar, Gh.; Mehdi Zadeh Afroozi, S. (2014). “A Study of the Relationship between Trust and Social Adjustment Among People  Over 20 and Over in Gonbad Kavous”, Journal of Applied Sociology, Twenty-fifth Year, Serial No. 55, Vol. Third. (Persian).
Mariji, Sh.; Cheraghi Kotiani, I. (2010). “Sociological Explanation of the Components of Social Solidarity in Mahdavi Society”, Promised Oriental Scientific Research, Fourth Year, No. 14. (Persian).
Marjani, H. (2003). “Assessment and evaluation of anomie feeling among young people”, Journal of Youth Studies, Volume 1, Issue 5. (Persian).
Mir Lotfi, M. R.; Alavizadeh, S. A. M.; Hedayati Amin, Khorshid (2015). “A Study of Social Cohesion in Border Security with Emphasis on Ethnic Religious Diversity Case Study (Zabol City)”, Journal of Regional Planning, Fifth Year, no. 57. (Persian).
Mirfirdi, A., Mukhtari, M., Faraji, F., Daneshband, H. (2015). “Investigating the Effect of Citizenship on Citizenship Tendency (Case Study: Yasuj City)”, Strategic Research in Social Security and Order, Volume 4, Issue 10, Number 2. (Persian).
Mostafa Nejad, H. (2010). Ethnic Crisis Management with Law Enforcement, Tehran: Yellow Publishing. (Persian).
Mostafa'i, A. M. (2009). Social consensus, pathology, and strategies for its development. Tehran: Avai Noor Publications. (Persian).
Naghdi, A.; Kamarbigi, Kh. (2010). “A Study of General Social Adaptation in Ilam's Urban, Rural and Tribal Communities”, Iranian Journal of Social Studies, Volume 4, Number 2. (Persian).
Navabakhsh, M., Nazari, J., Eidar, N. (2009). “Sociological Explanation of Factors Affecting Social Cohesion among Villagers (Case Study of Ilam Province)”, Social Science Quarterly, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar Branch, Third Year, Adv. number 7. (Persian).
Niazi, M. (2011). “Explaining the Relationship between Education Level and National and Social Cohesion of Citizens”, National Studies Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Persian).
Paskov, M. and Dewilde, C. (2012). “Income inequality and solidarity in Europe”, J. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 30, 415–432.
Pour Amrayi, E. (2003). Ecological Study of Folk Culture of Lak (Koohdasht County), B.Sc. Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Yazd University. (Persian).
Pour Saeed, F. (2007). National Diversity and Cohesion in Iranian Society, Strategic Studies Quarterly Volume I, Issue 1. (Persian).
Rastegar Khaled, A.: Mohammadi, M., Esmail Beigi, M. (2014). “The Relationship between Relative Deprivation Feeling and Social Solidarity among Youth in Tehran”, Journal of Social Studies and Research in Iran, Darreh 3. (Persian).
Reitz, G. Jeffrey, and et. al. (2008). Rase, Religion, and the Social Integration of New Immigrant Minorities in Canada, Univercity of Torento, ON M5S 3K7.
Reitzer, G. (2002). Contemporary Theory of Sociology, translated by Mohsen Salei, Sixth Edition, Tehran: Scientific Publications. (Persian).
Reitzer, G. (2010). Contemporary Theory of Sociology, Translated by Mohsen Salei, Fifteenth Edition, Tehran: Scientific Publications. (Persian).
Rezadoost, K.; Hosseinzadeh, A. H.; Konahsal, E. (2015). “Social and Cultural Factors Influencing Social Adaptation in Dehdasht”, National Studies Quarterly, 61, No. 16, No. 1. (Persian).
Salehi Amiri, S. R. (2009). Managing Ethnic Conflicts in Iran. Second Edition, Tehran: Expediency Assembly, Center for Strategic Research. (Persian).
Salehi Amiri, S. R. (2009b). National cohesion and cultural diversity. Tehran: Expediency Assembly, Center for Strategic Research. (Persian).
Sarah, Botterman, Marc Hooghe and Time Reeskens (2012). “One size fits all? An empirical study in to the multidimensionality of social cohesion indicators in Belgian local communities”, urban studies, 49(1), PP 185-202.
Shah Talebi Badri, Gh.; Azar Sharifi, S. (2010). “Developing Citizenship Culture Components in the Area of Values and Norms for Curriculum Students”, New Approach to Educational Management, Vol. 1, No. 3. (Persian).
Tervino, A., Javier (ed.); (1996). The Sociology of Law,Classical and Contemporary Perspectives; St. Martin’s Press, New York.
Vergolini, L. (2011). “Social cohesion in Europe: How do the differentdimensions of inequality affect social cohesion?”, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 52(3) 52(3) 197–214.