The Critical study of Corporate Social Responsibility and Development (Ethnographic Study of Asalouyeh)

Document Type : Research Paper



South Pars gas in the city of Assaluyeh and one of the Industrial zones in the Middle East and the place activity of dozens of petrochemical companies. Activities of these companies have had a devastating effect on the ecosystem and for this reason it is important to study corporate social responsibility and development process. This study is done by the sociological approach, with the goal of a critical study of corporate social responsibility, from the perspective of the local communities as part of the external stakeholders. For this research, we have used the method of critical ethnography and episodic interview with observation by purposeful sampling and interviews with 20 local residents and we have analyzed the data by inductive analytical techniques. The data, obtained main categories: Instability, domination of technocratic on humanism, non-effective functioning of institutions and the category core of rethinking empowering. We have created on the model Corbin Strauss model also. The results showed that   People of this region have a positive assessment of of the economic boom and some situations of economic development. But they have weak corporate performance in terms of corporate social responsibility towards the environment, sustainable development and balanced, considering of the rights of local people.


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