بررسی تأثیر معلولیت بر طرد اجتماعی سالمندان شهر ورامین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار سیاست‌گذاری اجتماعی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی (ره)، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد برنامه‌ریزی و رفاه اجتماعی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی (ره)، تهران، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2019.15266

چکیده

سالمندان به‌عنوان بخش مهمی از افراد جامعه، ممکن است گاهاً مورد غفلت واقع شوند، حال آنکه مسائل و مشکلات مربوط به سالمندی با افزایش روزافزون جمعیت آنان، بیش از پیش اهمیت می‌یابد. احتمال می‌رود طرد اجتماعی سالمندان با افزایش بیماری‌ها و معلولیت آن‌ها بیشتر شود. مشکلات و هزینه‌های ناشی از غفلت در رابطه با سالمندان بویژه سالمندان معلول ضرورت این پژوهش‌ها را بیشتر می‌کند. در این مقاله تأثیر معلولیت بر طرد اجتماعی سالمندان با استفاده از روش پیمایش و تکنیک پرسشنامه مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. پاسخگویان 378 نفر می‌باشد که با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌بندی شده، از میان سالمندان شهر ورامین انتخاب شده‌اند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که بین متغیر معلولیت با مطرودیت اجتماعی رابطه‌ی معنادار وجود دارد به این معنا که سالمندان معلول در معرض طرد اجتماعی بیشتری قرار دارند. از لحاظ ابعاد مطرودیت اجتماعی هم میانگین مطرودیت در سالمندان معلول و سالم در بعد سیاسی و فرهنگی تفاوت چندانی با یکدیگر ندارد و در بعد اقتصادی یکسان است. در بعد اجتماعی، مطرودیت سالمندان غیر معلول بیشتر از سالمندان معلول است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Effect of Disability on the Social Exclusion of Elderly Varamin Town

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali akbar taj mazinani 1
  • mahdieh larijani 2
1 Associate professor in Social Policy, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
2 MA. in Social Welfare and Planning, Allame Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Elderly people as an important part of society may sometimes be neglected, while age related issues become more and more important as their population grows. Social exclusion of the elderly is likely to increase with disease and disability. Problems and costs resulting from the neglect of the elderly, especially elderly people with disabilities in relation to the need for further research. In this research, we study the impact of disability on social exclusion of elderly with use of survey method and 378 questionnaires among varamins elderly. This people choose by random stratified sampling. The results indicating that disability associated with social exclusion, that disabled elderly are more at risk of social exclusion. On the other side, healthy elderly and disabled are close together in terms of the political and cultural dimensions of exclusion and same on the economic front. Disabled elderly only in social dimension of exclusion received higher scores than healthy elderly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • elderly
  • Social Exclusion
  • Disability
  • Social Model of Disability

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