بررسی عوامل جامعه‌شناختی مرتبط با عدم ازدواج مجدد زنان فاقد همسر (مطالعه موردی: زنان تحت حمایت در شهر سنندج)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی مسائل اجتماعی ایران دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2019.15265

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی موانع ازدواج مجدد در میان زنان است. با بهره‌گیری از نظریه‌های اقتصادی ازدواج، طرد اجتماعی، تغییر نقش‌ها و ارزش‌های فرهنگی، فرضیات تحقیق تدوین گردید. روش تحقیق توصیفی و گردآوری داده‌ها به روش پیمایش و با ابزار پرسشنامه انجام شد. جامعه‌ی آماری کلیه‌ی زنان فاقد همسر (مطلقه و همسر فوت شده) تحت پوشش کمیته‌ی امداد در رده‌ی سنی 18 تا 55 سال شهر سنندج بود، حجم نمونه بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان تعداد 377 نفر تعیین گردید و نمونه‌گیری به روش تصادفی ساده انجام گرفت. نتایج آزمون فرضیات نشان می‌دهد که بین متغیرهای طرد اجتماعی و باور به کلیشه‌های فرهنگی با عدم ازدواج مجدد رابطه‌ی معنی‌دار و مستقیم وجود دارد، همچنین بین متغیرهای نگرش مدرن به ازدواج مجدد و اتکاء به خود با موانع ازدواج مجدد رابطه‌ی معنی‌دار و معکوس وجود دارد. می‌توان گفت تغییرات فرهنگی و رشد ارزش‌های فردگرایانه، در کنار استقلال مالی و اتکاء به خود در میان زنان نه تنها گرایش به ازدواج مجدد را کاهش نداده بلکه می‌توانند عوامل تسریع‌کننده‌ی ازدواج مجدد در میان زنان باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sociological Factors Related to the Lack of Remarriage of Widows (Case Study: Sponsored Women in Sanandaj)

نویسندگان [English]

  • erfan naseri 1
  • behjat yazdkhasti 2
1 PhD Student of Sociology at University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Social Science at University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the barriers to remarriage among women. Research hypotheses were formulated using economic theories of marriage, social exclusion, changing roles and cultural values. The research method was descriptive and the data were collected by survey method and questionnaire. The statistical population was all widows (divorced and dying wife) 18 to 55 years old Covered by the Relief Committee in Sanandaj. The sample size was 377 according to Krejcie and Morgan table. Sampling was done by simple random method. The hypotheses test results show that there is a significant and direct relationship between the social exclusion and belief in cultural stereotypes with no remarriage variables. There is also a significant and inverse relationship between the modern attitude to remarriage and self-reliance with barriers to remarriage variables. it can be said that Cultural change and the rise of individualistic values, along with financial independence and self-reliance among women, can not only reduce the tendency to remarry, but can also be accelerating factors for remarriage among women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Remarriage
  • widows
  • Social Exclusion
  • Cultural Values
  • Change Roles

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