بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر فردگرایی در میان دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های کاشان و علوم پزشکی کاشان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مطالعات فرهنگی دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

چکیده

فردگرایی به‌عنوان یکی از مسائل اجتماعی و فرهنگی در خور توجه جامعه‌ی مدرن است. با توجه به اینکه دانشجویان به‌عنوان قشر جوان و تحصیل‌کرده‌ی جامعه‌ی ایران به‌شمار می‌روند، آنان می‌توانند بهترین جامعه‌ی آماری برای سنجش پیامدهای مدرنیته باشند. از این‌رو پژوهش حاضر با روش کمی و با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌ی استاندارد میزان فردگرایی در بین دانشجویان دانشگاه کاشان و دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان مورد سنجش قرار داده است. متغیرهای مستقل در راستای سنجش فردگرایی عبارتند از سرمایه‌ی فرهنگی، سرمایه‌ی اجتماعی، نقش گروه مرجع، سنت‌گرایی، دینداری، روابط اجتماعی، خودخواهی و عملکرد رسانه‌های ارتباط‌جمعی، که غالباً در چهارچوب نظریه‌های دورکیم، بوردیو، لرنر، کلمن و دیگر نظریه‌پردازان موضوع فردگرایی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. این متغیرها به‌صورت پرسش‌نامه از بین 320 دانشجو سنجیده شده و پس از جمع‌آوری و تحلیل اطلاعات مشخص شد خودمداری، دینداری، مشارکت اجتماعی و روابط اجتماعی بر میزان فردگرایی تأثیر مستقیم و اعتماد اجتماعی و سنت‌گرایی بر آن تأثیر غیر مستقیم می‌گذارند. همچنین دینداری، مشارکت اجتماعی و روابط اجتماعی تأثیر معکوس و خودمداری تأثیر مستقیم بر فردگرایی داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Factors Affecting Individualism among Students of University of Kashan and Kashan University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asadollah Babaiefard 1
  • Morteza Barani 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2 M. A. in Cultural Studies, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Individualism is considered as one of the main social and cultural issues in Iran which should be analyzed accurately. As Iranian university students are the main bulk of young highly educated people, they can be considered the best group to be analyzed on the consequences of modernism in Iran. Therefore, the present paper by applying a Quantitive research method, through standard questionnaire analyzed Individualism among university students in University of Kashan and Medical University of Kashan. Cultural and social capital, reference group, traditionalism, religious tendencies, social relations, egotism and media are the independent variables of the present paper which are discussed by Durkheim, Bourdieu, Lerner, Coleman and other social scientists. The questionnaire was given to 320 students of both universities, and the results were collected and analyzed by SPSS software. The findings show egotism, religious tendencies, social relations and social cooperation had direct influence while social trust, traditionalism had indirect influence on Individualism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • individualism
  • Cultural capital
  • social capital
  • Religious Tendencies
  • Traditionalism
  • Egotism

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