تکوین تکثر تمایز در میدان، عادت‌واره و سرمایه: صورتبندی نظریه توسعه از دیدگاه بوردیو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری جامعه‌شناسی اقتصادی و توسعه دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

4 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به این که بوردیو در آثار تجربی و نظری خویش ایده‌ی مدرنیته، تحول، توسعه و تکامل جوامع را به‌طور غیر مستقیم مطرح نموده است، مسأله‌ی اصلی تحقیق حاضر حول این موضوع متمرکز است که توسعه در آثار بوردیو چگونه نمود یافته است؟ و چه ویژگی‌هایی دارد؟ نتایج مرور نظام‌مند آرای بوردیو نشان می‌دهد توسعه از دیدگاه بوردیو عبارت است از تغییر جوامع سنتیِ یکپارچه و متحد به جوامعی متکثر و مُنفک به لحاظ میدان، سرمایه و عادت‌واره که با ویژگی‌هایی از قبیل استقلال نسبی، کارکرد، حجم سرمایه، منازعه و منطق و روابط ارگانیک همراه است (جوامع مدرن). در این راستا توسعه دارای دو مرحله‌ی به هم پیوسته است که عبارت است از: «مرحله‌ی اول: گذار از جامعه‌ی سنتی به جامعه‌ی مدرن» و «مرحله‌ی دوم: تمایزیافتگی در جامعه‌ی مدرن». به لحاظ ویژگی‌ها و عوامل مؤثر بر توسعه‌ی جوامع، بوردیو معتقد است که توسعه از یک سو، امری ارزشی و از سوی دیگر، واقعیتی چند بُعدی است که در چارچوب تغییر مبتنی بر تفکیک همه‌جانبه قرار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Gensis of multiple distinction in field, habitus and capital: the formulation of development theory from Bourdieu's point of view

نویسندگان [English]

  • fardin mohammadi 1
  • kamal khaleghpanah 2
  • Mohsen Noghani Dokht Bahmani 3
  • Mehdi Kermani 4
1 phd of Economic sociology and Development, department of social science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant professor Sociology, Departmantof social science, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran
3 Associate professor Sociology, Departmantof social science, the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
4 Assistant professor Sociology, Departmantof social science, the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

In that Bourdieu has indirectly raised the idea of modernity, development, and evolution in his experimental in him works, the main problem is how has peresented development theory in bourdieu works? And it what have charactristics? The results of works bourdieu sistematic review showed that development is change from treditional society with charictristics such as integrality to distinctioned society as field, capital and habitus with with charictristics such as function, straggle, law and organic relations. Developments also have two steps that is first step: The transition from treditional society to moden society and second step: distinctioned in modern society. Bourdieu belived that development is value object in one hand, and it is reality of multi-deminitions that is based on all-sided distinctioned in change framwork the other hand. He argues that development obstecle is integralilty belive and unequal relations of society in international field and dominat implemention of powerfull society, development factor are Comprehensive dictinction, increasingly Comprehensive distinction, gathered most capital forms in huge and contribute, and obtain and maintananec Relative independence of differnce fields in modern society. He emphesise on agent role in development to additional structure.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bourdieu
  • Development
  • Distinction
  • Field
  • Capital
  • Habitus

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