بررسی تأثیر انواع سبک زندگی بر رفتار باروری زنان 49-15 ساله شهر اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد جامعه شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

این مقاله با هدف بررسی تأثیر انواع سبک زندگی بر رفتار باروری زنان 49-15 ساله شهر اهواز انجام‌ شده است. در این پژوهش از تئوری اقتصادی باروری‌گری بکر و تئوری نوگرایی استفاده ‌شده است. حجم نمونه 384 نفر شده است که به شیوه‌ی نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌بندی ‌شده متناسب با حجم جمعیت آماری انتخاب ‌شده است. از نظر روش جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، این مطالعه پیمایشی بوده و در تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها، از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی از جمله ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چند متغیره استفاده ‌شده است. نتایج به‌‌دست‌ آمده نشان می‌دهد که بین متغیر جمعیت‌شناختی سن و سبک زندگی سنتی با رفتار باروری رابطه‌ی مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد؛ اما بین میزان تحصیلات و سبک زندگی مدرن با رفتار باروری رابطه‌ی منفی و معناداری وجود دارد. از میان مؤلفه‌های سبک زندگی، بین مصرف فرهنگی با رفتار باروری رابطه‌ی معناداری وجود ندارد اما میان مصرف مادی با رفتار باروری رابطه‌ی منفی و معناداری وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Different Lifestyles on the Fertility Behavior of 15-49 Years Old Women in Ahvaz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Moltafeth 1
  • Abdol Reza Navah 2
  • sara rashidi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Master of Sociology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
چکیده [English]

 
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lifestyle on fertility behavior of 15-49 years old women in Ahvaz. In this study, economic theory of pristine reproduction and modernity theory are used. The sample size was 384 people who were selected by stratified random sampling according to the statistical population size. In terms of data collection, this study is a survey and descriptive and inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis were used in data analysis. The results show that there is a positive and significant relationship between demographic variables of age and traditional lifestyle with fertility behavior, but there is a negative and significant relationship between education level and modern lifestyle with fertility behavior. Among lifestyle components, there is no significant relationship between cultural consumption and fertility behavior but there is a negative and significant relationship between material consumption and fertility behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lifestyle
  • Cultural Consumption
  • Material Consumption
  • Childbearing Behavior

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