بررسی عوامل اجتماعی ـ فرهنگی مؤثر بر گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر بر مبنای رویکرد کج‌رفتاری (مورد مطالعه: جوانان شهر اهواز)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشچو دکتری جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استاد گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر در تلاش است با استفاده از رویکرد جامعه‌شناختی کج‌رفتاری عوامل اجتماعی ـ فرهنگی مؤثر بر گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر در بین جوانان کلان‌شهر اهواز را مورد بررسی قرار دهد. روش تحقیق حاضر پیمایشی است. از این‌رو، ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه، جامعه‌ی آماری، جوانان شهر اهواز، روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای، تعداد افراد نمونه 384 نفر، روش تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات نرم‌افزار 23 SPSS و محدوده‌ی زمانی و مکانی تحقیق شهر اهواز در سال 1395 می‌باشد. یافته‌های تجربی تحقیق بیانگر آن است که میان متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی (سن، جنس، تأهل، سطح تحصیلات، درآمد) با گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر رابطه وجود دارد. بین متغیرهای احساس آنومی، احساس محرومیت نسبی، احساس انزوای اجتماعی، گرایش به همسالان، باورهای عامیانه در ادبیات شفاهی با متغیر گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر رابطه‌ی مثبت و معناداری حاکم است و بین متغیر دینداری و گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر نیز رابطه‌ای منفی و معنادار وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج حاصل از رگرسیون چند متغیره با روش گام به گام نشان می‌دهد حدود (569/0) از واریانس مربوط به متغیر گرایش به مصرف مواد مخدر با متغیرهای احساس آنومی، دینداری، احساس انزوای اجتماعی و باورهای عامیانه در ادبیات شفاهی قابل تبیین است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Drug Use Tendency Based on the Behavioral Bias Approach (Studied in the Youth of Ahwaz)

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad ali mombeini 1
  • Alihossein Hosseinzadeh 2
  • Azita mombeini 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Sociology University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Professor of Sociology Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Master of Sociology, Payam Noor University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study tries to examine the socio-cultural factors influencing drug use tendency among Ahwaz metropolitan youth using a sociological cognitive behavioral approach. The present research method is (scrolling). Therefore, the data collection tools (questionnaire), the statistical population (Ahvaz youth), sampling method (cluster), sample population (384 persons), information analysis method 23 spss software), and time and iocation spatial range (Ahwaz, 2016). The empirical findings of the research indicate that: there is a relationship between demographic variables (age, sex, marriage, education level, income) with drug use tendency. There is a positive and significant relationship between variables such as anomy feeling, feelings of relative deprivation, social isolation, peers, folk beliefs in oral literature and drug addiction tendencies. There is also a negative relationship between variables of religiosity and tendency to drug use. Also, the results of the research show that the extent of (0.569) of variance related to narcotics tendency variable with variables of anomy feeling, religiosity, sense of social isolation, and folk beliefs in oral literature can be explained.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tendency to Drug Use
  • Socio-Cultural Factors
  • Behavioral Bias Approach

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