تبیین جامعه‌شناختی پدیده قتل‌های ناموسی (به خاطر شرف) در استان خوزستان در طی سال‌های 1390 الی 1394

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای جامعه شناسی (مسائل اجتماعی ایران) دانشگاه پیام نور تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22055/qjsd.2019.14563

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تبیین جامعه‌شناختی پدیده‌ی قتل‌های ناموسی در استان خوزستان طی سال‌های 1390 تا 1394 بود. این تحقیق به روش توصیفی ـ پیمایشی انجام گرفت. جامعه‌ی آماری، شامل کلیه‌ی افرادی است که در سال‌های 1390 تا 1394 به جرم قتل ناموسی یا معاونت در آن در استان خوزستان دارای پرونده‌ی کیفری بودند. بر اساس آمارهای رسمی، 140 نفر از قاتلین و نیز 140 نفر از شیوخ قبائل و طوائفی که قاتلین از اعضای آن طوائف بوده یا این پدیده در آنجا اتفاق افتاده است، انتخاب شدند. روش نمونه‌گیری نیز استفاده از روش تمام‌شماری بود. ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات شامل دو نوع پرسشنامه‌ی محقق‌ساخته بود که پرسشنامه‌ی اول جهت قاتلین و پرسشنامه‌ی دوم جهت شیوخ مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. ضریب پایایی نگرش‌سنج آنها، با استفاده از روش آلفای کرونباخ، به ترتیب 89/0 و 81/0 به دست آمد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در دو سطح آمار توصیفی و استنباطی صورت گرفت. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که در میان قاتلین، متغیرهای وابستگی به قبیله، پایگاه اجتماعی، خرده فرهنگ خشونت، نگرش به زن و حمایت شیوخ از قاتلین با نگرش آنان نسبت به قتل‌های ناموسی در استان خوزستان، در سطح05/0P ارتباط دارد؛ همچنین در میان شیوخ، متغیرهای تحصیلات، پایگاه اجتماعی، نگرش به زن و حمایت از قاتلین با نگرش آنان نسبت به قتل‌های ناموسی در استان خوزستان، در سطح 05/0p، ارتباط دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sociological Explanation of the Phenomenon of Honor Killings (for the Sake of Honor) in Khuzestan Province during 2011-2015

نویسندگان [English]

  • gholamhosein karami 1
  • Amir Maleki 2
  • Mohammad Javad Zahedi Mazandarani 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Sociology (Social Issues of Iran) Payame Noor University of Tehran Center, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Sociology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to explain the sociological phenomenon of honor killings in Khuzestan province during the years 2011-2015. This research was conducted using descriptive-survey method. The statistical population consisted of all people who had a criminal case during the years 2011-2015 for the sake of honor killing or deputy in it, in Khuzestan province. According to official statistics, 140 killers and also 140 tribal sheikhs and tribes that the killers were member of them or this phenomenon has happened in their tribes, were chosen. The sampling method was using full scale method. Data collection tools consisted of two types of researcher-made questionnaires which the first questionnaire was used for killers and the second questionnaire was applicated for sheikhs. The coefficient of reliability of their attitude, using Cronbach's alpha method, was 0.89 and 0.81 respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study indicated that among the killers, the variables of tribal dependence, social base, and subculture of violence, attitude towards women and sheikhs support of killers are related with their attitude towards honor killings in Khuzestan province, at P≤0.05. Also, among sheikhs, educational variables, social status, attitude toward women and support for killers are associated with their attitude towards honor killings in Khuzestan province, at P≤0.05.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Honor Killing
  • Khuzestan
  • Official Control
  • Power Structure
  • Social Base

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