بررسی جامعه‌شناختی گرایش به قومیت‌گرایی در آذربایجان از منظر پان‌ترکیست‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از رویکرد تفسیرگرایی اجتماعی به بازسازی معنایی تغییرات در گرایش به هویت ملی در آذربایجان از منظر پان‌ترکیست‌ها می‌پردازد. در دوره‌ی قاجار و پیش از آن آذری‌ها خود را کاملاً ایرانی می‌دانستند و همیشه در حفاظت از مرزهای کشور پیشگام بودند. ولی با روی کار آمدن دولت اقتدارگرای پهلوی و سیاست‌ها و فعالیت‌های وی باعث شکل‌گیری تغییراتی در نگرش به هویت ملی و همچنین گرایش به هویت قومی ‌در آذربایجان شد. روش‌شناسی این پژوهش کیفی است و با استفاده از قوم‌نگاری و تکنیک مشاهده و مصاحبه‌ی عمیق، داده‌ها جمع‌آوری شد. یافته‌ها تحقیق شامل هشت مقوله‌ی زیر است: متعین‌های ساختاری، رابطه‌ی دوسویه، گرایش به هویت ملی، شکل‌گیری دولت اقتدارگرا، محرومیت فرهنگی، محرومیت اقتصادی، محرومیت سیاسی، توهین رسانه‌ای و گرایش به هویت قومی (پان‌ترکیسم). مقوله‌ی هسته‌ی تحقیق هم تغییر نگرش به هویت ملی است که مقولات عمده‌ی بالا را در بر می‌گیرد. در پایان تحقیق ارتباط این مقوله‌ها در قالب یک مدل زمینه‌ای شامل بعد شرایط، تعاملات و پیامدها ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Sociological Study of Ethnocentrism in Iranian Azerbaijan from the Pan-Turkists' Point of View

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shaban Mohammadi 1
  • ahmad rezaee 2
1 Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Associate Professor Department of Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present research paper examines the tendency towards Pan-Turkism in Iranian Azerbaijan from the Pan-Turkists' point of view. In Gajar era, Iranian Azeris regarded themselves as pure Iranians and defended Iran's northwest borders. The formation of authoritarian Pahlavi government in the twentieth century helped to change this positive attitude towards the Iranian central government. Our methodology is a qualitative and we used the ethnography, observation, and deep interview to collect the data. The findings were the following categories: structural determent, interaction, attitudes towards the national identity, authoritarian government, cultural deprivation, economic deprivation, political deprivation, media insult, and Pan-Turkism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pan-Turkism
  • Iranian Azerbaijan
  • grounded theory
  • Relative Deprivation
  • Modern State

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